• Black Pepper


    Black Pepper, Piper nigigrum

    Part used:  distilled from the dried, whole, unripe fruit called peppercorns.   The outer covering of the peppercorn is not removed, thus differentiating black pepper from white pepper.  The two peppers have very different medicinal uses.

    Active Propertiesallicin, piperine, allyl isothiocyanate, and eugenol.  Black pepper is rich in minerals and the vitamins A (Beta Carotene), and K, calcium, iron, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium

    Aroma and appearance:  aroma is reminiscent of that of ground peppercorns, however it is not irritating to the eyes and does not cause you to sneeze upon inhalation

    Historical uses:  black pepper is used to increase alertness and stamina.  It can be added to herbs and other essential oils to increase the intensity of the active properties of the original mixture.  When added to turmeric, for example, the turmeric is 2000% more bio-available in the body.  Used topically for nerve pain and scabies.  Black pepper is also used for stomach upset, bronchitis and cancer and as a counter-irritant for pain.

    Country of origin:  India

    Organic:  YES, wild crafted

    Side effects:  black pepper is OK to take while pregnant and nursing in normal doses, but do not take in large doses as the effect on the fetus is not known (for large doses)

    :  The following are interactions with BLACK (and white) PEPPER
    • Lithium interacts with black and white pepper having an effect much like a water pill or "diuretic."  Taking black/white pepper might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. This could increase how much lithium is in the body and result in serious side effects. Talk with your healthcare provider before using this product if you are taking lithium as your lithium dose might need to be adjusted
    • Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) substrates) interacts with black and white pepper when they are changed and broken down by the liver.  Black and white pepper might decrease how quickly the liver breaks down some medications. Taking pepper along with some medications that are broken down by the liver can increase the chance of side effects from some medications. Before taking black or white pepper, talk to your healthcare provider if you are taking any medications that are changed by the liver

      Some medications changed by the liver include lovastatin (Mevacor), ketoconazole (Nizoral), itraconazole (Sporanox), fexofenadine (Allegra), triazolam (Halcion), and many others

    • Medications moved by pumps in cells (P-Glycoprotein Substrates) interacts with black and white pepper making the pumps less active and increase how much of some medications get absorbed by the body. This might cause more side effects from some medications.

      Some medications that are moved by these pumps include etoposide, paclitaxel, vinblastine, vincristine, vindesine, ketoconazole, itraconazole, amprenavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, saquinavir, cimetidine, ranitidine, diltiazem, verapamil, digoxin, corticosteroids, erythromycin, cisapride (Propulsid), fexofenadine (Allegra), cyclosporine, loperamide (Imodium), quinidine, and others.

    • Phenytoin (Dilantin), Propranolol (Inderal), Rifampin and Theophylline interact with black and white pepper and might increase how much of these medications the body absorbs.  Taking black and white pepper along with these medications might increase the effects and side effects of these medications
    • Carbamazepine (Tegretol) interacts with black and white pepper and might increase the amount of carbamazepine (Tegretol) absorbed by the body. It might also decrease how quickly the body breaks down and gets rid of carbamazepine. This could increase how much carbamazepine is in the body and potentially increase the chance of side effects. However, there is not enough known about this potential interaction to know if it is a big concern.  Talk with your health care provider if you are taking Carbamazepine